Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East (MSC-E)

is one of the international research Centres of the EMEP programme operating under the LRTAP Convention of UNECE.

The Centre focuses its efforts on model assessment of the environment pollution with various toxic substances.

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Contribution to UNEP Global Mercury Assessment

MSC-E continues cooperation with the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment). A new Global Mercury Assessment 2018 is now under development in accordance with the request of the UN Environment Governing Council (Decision 27/12). MSC-E takes part in the assessment coordinating work of an international group of experts focused on modelling of mercury pollution on global and regional scales.

This section contains information on MSC-E co-operation with the subsidiary bodies of the Convention, national experts, and international organizations in the field of the assessment air pollution by HMs and POPs.

 

Task Force on Measurements and Modelling (TFMM)

TFMM provides a forum to the EMEP Centres, national experts, international organizations for scientific consideration and evaluation of activities regarding pollution assessment. MSC-E takes part in the work of the Task Force annually presenting the outcome of its studies on HMs and POPs and discussing a number of topics, particularly, fine spatial resolution modeling and country specific case studies on the assessment of HM pollution levels on national scale, development of global scale multi-pollutant modeling system (GLEMOS) changing of the EMEP grid system.

Task Force on Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution (TFHTAP)

MSC-E contributes to the TF HTAP activities related to heavy metal and POP pollution assessment. The Centre was actively involved in various multi-model numerical experiments and in preparation of the HTAP Assessment Report 2010. In particular, it co-ordinated the drafting work on the mercury (Part B) and POPs (Part C) parts of the Assessment.

  

Working Group on Effects (ICP-Vegetation)

MSC-E closely cooperates with Working Group of Effects. In particular, information on HM pollution is used by Coordinating Centre on Effects (CCE) for evaluation of exceedances of current or projected deposition over threshold levels (CCE Status Report 2010). In addition to this, data on HM deposition and results of surveys of HM concentrations in terrestrial mosses are used in joint analysis of pollution levels and their trends in cooperation with ICP-Vegetation.

 

Helsinki Commission (HELCOM)

In accordance with the Memorandum of Understanding between the Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe the EMEP Centres prepared an annual joint EMEP report on the assessment of airborne pollution load to the Baltic Sea. Along with the contribution to the joint annual EMEP report, MSC-E prepares environmental indicator fact sheets with the updated information on variations of atmospheric emissions of Cd, Pb, Hg and PCDD/Fs and levels of their deposition to the Baltic Sea.

 

OSPAR Commission

In framework of colaboration with OSPAR Commission MSC-E contributed to the evaluation of input of hazardous substances to the OSPAR maritime area. Particularly, the Centre carried out the assessment of atmospheric deposition of selected HMs and POPs over the five OSPAR regions at the request of the OSPAR Commission (OSPAR Commission publications, 375/2008, 447/2009).

  

Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP)

MSC-E continuously cooperates with the AMAP programme for more then 15 years participating in various pollution assessment initiatives focused on contamination of the Arctic environment. The Centre took part in a number of AMAP Assessments and other other projects related to heavy metals and POPs:


Arctic Pollution 2011 - Mercury in the Arctic
Technical Background report to the Global Atmospheric Mercury Assessment (AMAP/UNEP, 2008)
Assessment of Long-range Transport of Hg, PCBs and y-HCH to the Russian North (EMEP/MSC-E Technical Report, 2003)
AMAP Assessment 2002 - Heavy Metals in the Arctic

 

Minamata Convention on Mercury

EMEP participates in various activities aimed at scientific support of international efforts to abate mercury pollution on global and regional scales. In particular, MSC-E took part in preparation of the Global Mercury Assessment 2013 for negotiations of the Minamata Convention on Mercury. Estimates of Hg pollution on a global scale were recently updated by the Centre. Levels of Hg air concentration and deposition in different terrestrial and aquatic regions of the globe were assessed for present conditions by means of the GLEMOS model. Particular attention was paid to evaluation of Hg deposition to major fishing areas of the ocean keeping in mind the primary role of the fish consumption in human health exposure to mercury. The work was partly funded by the EU FP7-ENV-2010 project "Global Mercury Observation System" (GMOS, Grant Agreement N 265113). Results of the study were used to support the TF HTAP activities on mercury and presented at the Diplomatic Conference for the Minamata Convention (Japan, October 2013).

 

Cooperation with national experts

MSC-E actively cooperates with national experts from various countries. In particular, in order to support local-scale modelling in Italy carried out by ENEA information on HM and POP concentrations were provided by MSC-E (EMEP Status Report 2/2011). Joint analysis of PCDD/Fs concentrations measured at Swedish stations was undertaken in the framework of BalticPOPs research project (2010-2011) initiated by the Swedish EPA. Finally, MSC-E leads the country-specific case studies on HM pollution assessment in the Czech Republic, Croatia, the Netherlands and Belarus.

 

 

CCC

Chemical Coordinating Centre (CCC) is hosted by the Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU). The main tasks of the CCC are co-ordination and intercalibration of chemical air quality and precipitation measurements carried out on the basis of EMEP measurement programme. The measurement programme includes recommendations of methods to be employed in the countries in their monitoring, quality assurance and training (including field and laboratory intercomparisons), data validation and reporting as well as data storage. Besides the CCC leads the EMEP work in the field of atmospheric particulate matter.

CEIP

The EMEP Centre on Emission Inventories and Projections (CEIP) is hosted by the Umweltbundesamt Vienna (UBA-V) Austria. The main task of the CEIP is to collect emissions and projections from Parties to the LRTAP Convention, and to prepare data sets as input for long-range transport models. The emission centre has also been assigned the task of reviewing the submitted emissions to assist the Parties improving the quality of national inventories.

CIAM

The EMEP Centre on Integrated Assessment Modelling (CIAM) is hosted by International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). The CIAM prepares technical background material for the annual meetings of the Task Force on Integrated Assessment Modelling (TFIAM). The Task Force brings together information gathered from the Parties and from other Convention bodies on cost-effective emission control strategies. Its regular reports to the negotiating bodies of the Convention assist in the development of legal instruments (protocols).

MSC-E

The Meteorological Synthesizing Centre-East (MSC-E) of EMEP is located in Moscow, Russia. The main task of the centre is to model transboundary fluxes and source-receptor relationships of heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants.

 

MSC-W

The Meteorological Sinthesizing Centre West (MSC-W) of EMEP is hosted by the Norwegian Meteorological Institute (DNMI). The main task of the centre is to model transboundary fluxes and source-receptor relationships of acidifying and eutrophying air pollution, photochemical oxidants and particulate matter.

 

 

 

 

Meteorological Synthesizing Centre-East (Moscow, Russia) is one of the international Centres of Co-operative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of Long-Range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe (EMEP). The Centre was established in 1979 to evaluate long-range transport of air pollution.

During the recent decades considerable attention has been given to the negative effects of heavy metals (HMs) and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) on various ecosystems in different environmental media. An essential progress in the assessment of HMs and POPs air pollution was achieved within the framework of the UN ECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP). In June 1998 in Aarhus (Denmark) 36 Parties to the Convention signed the Protocols on POPs and HMs. In addition to the fulfillment of the basic obligations on the control of emissions, production and use of HMs and POPs the Parties to the Protocols encourage research, monitoring and co-operation, in particular, in the fields of emissions, long-range transport, deposition levels, etc.

Main activity of MSC-E is focused on the research and modelling the long-range transport of pollution. The Centre is responsible for the development and operational use of numerical models of HM and POP airborne transport and deposition. Modelling of pollution dispersion requires detailed knowledge of mechanisms of HM and POP release to, transport and transformation in, and removal from the atmosphere as well as accumulation in other environmental compartments. In general the models should be capable to evaluate airborne pollution transport at different levels including global, regional, and local scales. Besides the MSC-E provides Parties to the Convention with information on the pollution by HMs and POPs including levels of concentrations and deposition, their spatial and temporal trends, transboundary transport an source-receptor relationships.

Working in the field of HMs and POPs the MSC-E closely co-operates with other EMEP Centres, international organizations (WMOEEAAMAPUNEPHELCOMOSPAR etc.) and national scientific programmes.

 

EMEP

     

The Co-operative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe (EMEP) was created to provide governments and subsidiary bodies under the CLRTAP with qualified information on pollution to support the development and further evaluation of the international protocols on emission reductions negotiated within the Convention. The work of the EMEP programme is focused on assessing the transboundary transport of acidifying and eutrophying substances, ground level ozone, persistent organic pollutants (POPs), heavy metals (HMs), and particulate matter.

The programme's activity includes: collection of emission data, monitoring air and precipitation quality, and modelling of atmospheric transport and deposition of air pollutants which are the basis for the assessment and regular reports on emissions, air concentrations and deposition, significance of transboundary fluxes, and exceedances of critical loads and threshold levels. The acting of the EMEP programme is carried by five international Centres (CCCCEIPCIAMMSC-E, and MSC-W) and four Task Forces (TFEIPTFIAMTFHTAP, and TFMM).
 
 

LRTAP Convention

      

The Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) is an international legally binding instrument aimed at protecting the environment and reducing the levels of contamination by harmful substances. The Convention was signed by 34 Governments and the European Community (EC) as a result of the High-level Meeting within the Framework of the ECE on the Protection of the Environment in November 1979 in Geneva and entered into force in 1983. The CLRTAP has elaborated a framework for controlling and reducing contamination of the environment and its harmful effects on human health caused by transboundary transport of air pollution. It has been extended by eight specific protocols.

 

 

 


 

Sergey Dutchak

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Director of Meteorological Synthesizing Centre – East. Scientific background is meteorology. Involvent in the investigation of transboundary air pollution more than 25 years.

Marina Varygina

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Deputy director of MSC-E since 1992. Main responsibility is coordination of Centre`s recearch activity within EMEP and relevant international projects on HMs and POPs.

Oleg Travnikov

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Environmental scientist with background in computational physics and mathematics, developer of MSC-E regional and global chemical transport models. The current activities are focused on the development of the GLEMOS modelling system, studies of mercury processes and cycling in the environment, and heavy metal pollution assessment on both regional and global scales.

Alexey Gusev

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Environmental scientist with background in applied mathematics. The main field of activity are the development and evaluation of global/regional POP models being elaborated at the MSC-E, studies of POP transport and fate, and cooperation with international organizations with regard to POP pollution issues.

Ilia Ilyin

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Research scientist with background in meteorology. The main fields of activity are preparation of meteorological information for modeling, regional modeling of heavy metals atmospheric transport, development and validation of the transport models, and cooperation with WG of Effects. The current activity is focused on country-specific case studies on HM pollution assessment.

Olga Rozovskaya

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Environmental scientist with background in computer-aided design system. The main field of activity is preparation and analiysis of emission information and measurement data for modeling.

Victor Shatalov

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Education and previous work: mathematical physics and differential equations. Since 1998 - environmental modelling. Major research area is long-range atmospheric transport of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Prof. Shatalov is responsible for POP modeling.

Irina Strijkina

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Environmental scientist with background in computer-aided design system. The main field of activity is technical maintenance and design of web site, make-up and issue of reports, preparation of country specific reports.

Nadejda Vulikh

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Environmental scientist with background in the technology in chemical industry. Main field of activities: the analysis of environmental POP pollution, physical-chemical properties of POPs and their usage in modeling of their long-range transport.

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